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Austria Sissi

- Erkunde midiseyds Pinnwand „Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sisi or Sissi)“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu kaiserin sisi, kaiserin sissi, kaiser von. - Erkunde Karins Pinnwand „Sisi - Empress Elisabeth of Austria“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu kaiserin sisi, kaiserin sissi, kaiser von österreich. Sisi photo taken in Venice (, Oscar Kramer, Vienna) Die 25jährige Sissi I[hre​] M[ajestät] Kaiserin Elisabeth von Oesterreich. Original-Portrait in.

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Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Herzogin in Bayern war eine Prinzessin aus der herzoglichen Nebenlinie Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen des Hauses Wittelsbach, durch ihre Heirat mit ihrem Cousin Franz Joseph I. ab Kaiserin von Österreich und. - Erkunde midiseyds Pinnwand „Empress Elisabeth of Austria (Sisi or Sissi)“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu kaiserin sisi, kaiserin sissi, kaiser von. Elisabeth "Sissi" (24 Dec Sep ) Bavaria-Austria-Hungary was the future wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I. Postcard from ParisRoyals: Austria. Jan 19, - Disclaimer: I do not take credit for production or ownership of any of the photos I post. Sisi photo taken in Venice (, Oscar Kramer, Vienna) Die 25jährige Sissi I[hre​] M[ajestät] Kaiserin Elisabeth von Oesterreich. Original-Portrait in. Nov 21, - Explore So Vienna's board "Empress Elisabeth of Austria" on Pinterest. See more ideas about austria, empress sissi, sissy. - Erkunde Karins Pinnwand „Sisi - Empress Elisabeth of Austria“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu kaiserin sisi, kaiserin sissi, kaiser von österreich.

Austria Sissi

Elisabeth "Sissi" (24 Dec Sep ) Bavaria-Austria-Hungary was the future wife of Emperor Franz Joseph I. Postcard from ParisRoyals: Austria. Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Herzogin in Bayern war eine Prinzessin aus der herzoglichen Nebenlinie Pfalz-Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld-Gelnhausen des Hauses Wittelsbach, durch ihre Heirat mit ihrem Cousin Franz Joseph I. ab Kaiserin von Österreich und. Nov 21, - Explore So Vienna's board "Empress Elisabeth of Austria" on Pinterest. See more ideas about austria, empress sissi, sissy. Austria Sissi Austria Sissi The book and its disappearance form part of the goings-on that drive the various family members and guests to distraction. In addition to her rigorous exercise regimen, Elisabeth practiced demanding beauty routines. The boat's captain, Captain Roux, was ignorant of Elisabeth's identity and since it was very hot on Free Casino Games For Xp, advised the countess to disembark and take her companion back Stargames/ her hotel. It is generally assumed today that she died of typhus. Full name Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie.

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Ranch of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 5. Ranch of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Empress of Austria - Her visits to Dinner&Casino Neston. Elisabeth von Ungarn. Empress Elisabeth Englisch Lernspiele Austria. Views View Edit History. Slots Games Bingo in category "Empress Elisabeth of Austria" The following Casino 777 Boblingen are in this category, out of total. Carriage of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 2. Namespaces Gallery Discussion. Ranch of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 8. Elisabeth von Games Osterreich. Elisabeth of Austria by Carl Pietzner. Sisi-Denkmal Bad Kissingen — Wikipedia. Sisi's engagement gift Even during her lifetime, numerous myths emerged about Elisabeth of Austria-Hungary aka. Sisi monument in Book Of Ra Spiele FreeHungary. Josef Edelbacher Brautfahrt Linz. Elisabeth von Österreich-Ungarn Litho. White ankle boots, silk with lace border, c. Main page Welcome Community portal Village pump Help center. Franz jozef wanted here to come home but she didn't. She Pharos Von Alexandria crazy about traveling. Franz Kollarz Elisabeth of Austria by Carl Pietzner. Sisi's love of riding. Elisabeth von Österreich-Ungarn Dauthage Litho. Achilleion 1 Kaiserin-Elisabeth Denkmal. Ranch of Empress Elisabeth of Austria 5. COA Wittelsbach Elisabeth2a. Empress Elizabeth's death certificate euro at auction. Luigi Lucheni. PV autopsie Elisabeth d'Autriche Sisi. Pinterest Rave Places using cookies to help give you the best experience we can. From Wikimedia Club Sportive, the free media repository. Austria Sissi Sissi non ebbe mai una buona opinione sugli italiani, li considerava falsi e traditori. Elisabetta d'Austria, la principessa Sissi. Mappa di Vienna. Princess Caroline of Baden. She features in Alexander Lernet-Holenia Strategy Online Games Free novel Mayerling. Austria and Queen consort of Hungary due to her marriage to Emperor Franz Joseph. From an early age, she was called Sisi (or Sissi in films. Deutsch: Elisabeth Eugenie Amalie, genannt Sisi (nicht Sissi, wie sie in den Sissi​-Filmen und -Romanen benannt wurde) war Kaiserin von.

Nel marzo fu ufficialmente firmato il contratto nuziale e la dote fu fissata in Le nozze furono celebrate con grande sfarzo la sera del 24 aprile nella Chiesa degli Agostiniani.

Dopo i numerosi festeggiamenti, la coppia fu condotta nella camera da letto soltanto dalle rispettive madri, contrariamente alle usanze del tempo che prevedevano la presenza di numerose persone.

Le nozze furono consumate la terza notte. Privata dei suoi affetti e delle sue abitudini, Elisabetta cadde presto malata, accusando per molti mesi una tosse continua, febbre e stati di ansia, dovuti a turbamenti di origine psichica.

Solo successivamente la ragazza si rese conto che la suocera aveva agito sempre a fin di bene, pur in maniera imperiosa e imponendo sacrifici.

Le stanze della bambina furono allestite accanto alle sue e fu lei a scegliere l'a ia educatrice e la bambinaia. In seguito Elisabetta espresse il proprio rammarico per non essersi potuta occupare dei figli.

Per la prima volta, l'imperatrice, sempre acclamata da folle festanti austriache, si rese conto che l'impero non aveva il consenso di tutte le sue popolazioni.

Il regime militaristico austriaco aveva portato come conseguenza il disprezzo e l'odio degli italiani nei confronti degli Asburgo. Poche settimane dopo il rientro dall'Italia, si prospettava un altro viaggio di Stato in un'altra inquieta provincia, l' Ungheria.

Come nel Lombardo-Veneto, anche in Ungheria la coppia imperiale fu accolta con freddezza, sebbene la bellezza dell'imperatrice avesse avuto il suo solito successo.

Quando tornarono a Vienna, Elisabetta si chiuse in se stessa e nella propria solitudine, rifiutando di mangiare e di apparire in pubblico.

Il 21 agosto nacque l'arciduca Rodolfo , principe ereditario dell'Impero d'Austria. La diagnosi di quest'ultimo rimane sconosciuta e nei diari dell'arciduchessa Sofia ci sono solo accenni a dei sintomi: febbre, debolezza, mancanza di appetito.

Il fu un anno particolarmente difficile per l'Austria. Nel giro di pochi giorni le ultime monarchie asburgiche autonome italiane caddero e a Vienna confluirono i deposti Leopoldo II di Toscana e Francesco V di Modena , con tutti i loro familiari.

Le truppe austriache subirono una grave sconfitta nella battaglia di Magenta 4 giugno , a seguito della quale Francesco Giuseppe decise di lasciare Vienna e di comandare personalmente l'esercito.

Francesco Giuseppe le scrisse, chiedendole di mostrarsi a Vienna e di visitare gli istituti per sollevare il morale della popolazione e ottenere l'appoggio dell'opinione pubblica.

Le conseguenze della disfatta ricaddero sull'imperatore Francesco Giuseppe, che mai era stato mal visto dal popolo come in quei mesi: la critica si spinse al punto da chiedere l'abdicazione del sovrano in favore di suo fratello Massimiliano.

In aggiunta alla delicata situazione, nel maggio giunse anche la notizia dell'imminente crollo del Regno delle Due Sicilie , assediato dai garibaldini.

Sebbene Francesco Giuseppe e l'arciduchessa Sofia fossero favorevoli ad aiutare i Borbone , le condizioni economiche dell'Austria non lo permettevano; la preoccupazione per l'amata sorella Maria Sofia ebbe su Elisabetta un'influenza negativa, inficiando anche i suoi rapporti col marito.

Tuttavia, per evitare uno scandalo, dovette tornare a Vienna per il compleanno del marito, il 18 agosto. L'incoronazione a regina d'Ungheria avvenne l'8 giugno a Buda , al tempo capitale dell'Ungheria.

L'ultima figlia, Maria Valeria , la prediletta da Elisabetta, nacque nel Fu volutamente fatta nascere a Budapest , un omaggio della regina d'Ungheria ai suoi sudditi favoriti.

Nel muore il padre, il duca Max. Secondo la leggenda, da quell'anno Elisabetta decise di vestirsi solo di nero e di rinunciare anche all'amata poesia.

Per superare la depressione dell'ambiente di corte, l'imperatrice riprese i suoi viaggi per tutta Europa. Oltre a Elisabetta, si recavano a Cap Martin anche altri importanti nobili europei.

Il 10 settembre, sempre vestita di nero dopo il suicidio del figlio Rodolfo, celava il viso dietro una veletta - un ventaglio o un ombrellino - ed era difficile da riconoscere.

Fu poco dopo arrestato da quattro passanti, non lontano dal luogo dell'attentato. Aveva 60 anni.

Ossessionata dal culto della propria bellezza, Elisabetta concentrava tutte le energie nel tentativo di conservarsi giovane, bella e magra.

Negli anni settanta e ottanta gli impegni di corte non trovavano spazio nella giornata dell'Imperatrice. La sola allacciatura del busto , utile a ottenere il suo famoso vitino da vespa, richiedeva spesso un'ora di sforzi.

La procedura richiedeva un'intera giornata, durante la quale l'Imperatrice non tollerava di essere disturbata.

Elisabetta era impegnata per il resto della giornata con la scherma , l' equitazione e la ginnastica a tal scopo, aveva fatto allestire in tutti i palazzi in cui soggiornava delle palestre attrezzate con pesi, sbarra e anelli, e per un certo periodo aveva mantenuto una scuderia di prima grandezza.

Costringeva inoltre la propria dama di corte a seguirla durante interminabili e forsennate passeggiate quotidiane che duravano minimo sette od otto ore filate, di cui ovviamente la stragrande maggioranza delle dame di compagnia non riusciva a sostenere il ritmo eche era pertanto costretta a terminare in carrozza.

Per preservare la giovinezza della pelle, Elisabetta faceva uso di maschere notturne a base di carne di vitello cruda o di fragole e ricorreva a bagni caldi nell'olio d'oliva.

Per conservare la snellezza, oltre a rispettare il rigoroso regime alimentare, dormiva con i fianchi avvolti in panni bagnati e beveva misture di albume d'uovo e sale.

I film della trilogia di Sissi sono:. La filmografia su Elisabetta d'Austria comprende 28 opere cinematografiche.

Dagli anni novanta ha fatto il giro del mondo il musical Elisabeth , partito da Vienna, che racconta la sua vita, dall'incontro con Franz Joseph alla morte per mano di Luigi Lucheni.

Nel la televisione francese realizza il film TV Sissi, l'imperatrice ribelle , che vede come protagonista Arielle Dombasle. Nella zona del meranese Sissi faceva numerose escursioni a cavallo ma anche a piedi, avendo modo di ammirare i paesini dei dintorni come Scena col pittoresco castello neogotico e il mausoleo in onore dell'arciduca Giovanni , Tirolo , Parcines con le sue cascate , Marlengo , Avelengo , Naturno , Lana.

In Val d'Ultimo, presso il Museo Etnografico della valle, si conservano gli stivaletti che Sissi utilizzava per andare in montagna e un frammento di mantello che la sovrana metteva quando cavalcava in zona.

Nel settembre infatti giunse a Madonna di Campiglio prendendo alloggio presso l'antico Grand Hotel des Alpes, un tempo antico ospizio, ricovero per i viandanti e i primi turisti nella zona.

L'ultima vacanza di Elisabetta in Alto Adige fu al lago di Carezza e a Merano nell'autunno , un anno prima della morte.

In Val Ridanna avevano lavorato lungamente per un anno al fine di creare un comodo collegamento che da Masseria , mediante l' impianto minerario della vallata , conducesse comodamente l'imperatrice al rifugio a lei dedicato Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Schutzhaus , poi Becherhütte , infine Rifugio Biasi al Bicchiere dopo la Seconda guerra mondiale , inaugurato il 16 agosto , compleanno dell'imperatore, fra le montagne della Val Ridanna e dello Stubai.

Il clou degli eventi si tiene all'interno del Grand Hotel des Alpes nel cosiddetto Salone Hofer, antico salone delle feste del vecchio albergo, unico superstite dei fasti dell'epoca di Sissi, interamente affrescato in stile liberty con due ritratti di Sissi e Franz su fondo oro.

Anche ad Arco annualmente si svolge la tradizionale festa "Arco Asburgica" fa rivivere al pubblico alcuni istanti dei fasti della Corte asburgica in vacanza sulle rive del lago di Garda.

La manifestazione annuale "Arco com'era", organizzata dal Comitato Tradizioni, Usi e Costumi arcensi , ripropone un antico spezzone di vita rurale arcense, con vecchi mestieri, oggetti, arti e tradizioni tipiche tardo-ottocentesche, concludendosi con il corteo per le vie del centro e danze della Corte asburgica con gli ospiti.

The family was still in mourning over the death of an aunt so they were dressed in black and unable to change to more suitable clothing before meeting the young Emperor.

While black did not suit eighteen-year-old Helene's dark coloring, it made her younger sister's blonder looks more striking by contrast. Helene was a pious, quiet young woman, and she and Franz Joseph felt ill at ease in each other's company, but he was instantly infatuated with her younger sister.

He did not propose to Helene, but defied his mother and informed her that if he could not have Elisabeth, he would not marry at all.

Five days later their betrothal was officially announced. The couple were married eight months later in Vienna at the Augustinerkirche on 24 April After enjoying an informal and unstructured childhood, Elisabeth, who was shy and introverted by nature, and more so among the stifling formality of Habsburg court life, had difficulty adapting to the Hofburg and its rigid protocols and strict etiquette.

Within a few weeks, Elisabeth started to display health problems: she had fits of coughing and became anxious and frightened whenever she had to descend a narrow steep staircase.

She was surprised to find she was pregnant and gave birth to her first child, a daughter, Archduchess Sophie of Austria — , just ten months after her wedding.

The elder Archduchess Sophie, who often referred to Elisabeth as a "silly young mother", [7] not only named the child after herself without consulting the mother, but took complete charge of the baby, refusing to allow Elisabeth to breastfeed or otherwise care for her own child.

When a second daughter, Archduchess Gisela of Austria — , was born a year later, the Archduchess took the baby away from Elisabeth as well.

The fact that she had not produced a male heir made Elisabeth increasingly unwanted in the palace. One day she found a pamphlet on her desk with the following words underlined:.

The natural destiny of a Queen is to give an heir to the throne. If the Queen is so fortunate as to provide the State with a Crown-Prince this should be the end of her ambition — she should by no means meddle with the government of an Empire, the care of which is not a task for women If the Queen bears no sons, she is merely a foreigner in the State, and a very dangerous foreigner, too.

For as she can never hope to be looked on kindly here, and must always expect to be sent back whence she came, so will she always seek to win the King by other than natural means; she will struggle for position and power by intrigue and the sowing of discord, to the mischief of the King, the nation, and the Empire Her mother-in-law is generally considered to be the source of the malicious pamphlet.

When she traveled to Italy with him she persuaded him to show mercy toward political prisoners. In Elisabeth visited Hungary for the first time with her husband and two daughters, and it left a deep and lasting impression upon her, probably because in Hungary she found a welcome respite from the constraints of Austrian court life.

It was "the first time that Elisabeth had met with men of character in Franz Joseph's realm, and she became acquainted with an aristocratic independence that scorned to hide its sentiments behind courtly forms of speech She felt her innermost soul reach out in sympathy to the proud, steadfast people of this land This same trip proved tragic as both of Elisabeth's children became ill.

While Gisela recovered quickly, two-year-old Sophie grew steadily weaker, then died. It is generally assumed today that she died of typhus.

She turned away from her living daughter, began neglecting her, and their relationship never recovered.

In December Elisabeth became pregnant for the third time in as many years, and her mother, who had been concerned about her daughter's physical and mental health, hoped that this new pregnancy would help her recover.

She achieved this through fasting and exercise, such as gymnastics and riding. In deep mourning after her daughter Sophie's death, Elisabeth refused to eat for days; a behavior that would reappear in later periods of melancholy and depression.

Whereas she previously had supper with the family, she now began to avoid this; and if she did eat with them, she ate quickly and very little.

Whenever her weight threatened to exceed fifty kilos, a "fasting cure" or "hunger cure" would follow, which involved almost complete fasting.

Meat itself often filled her with disgust, so she either had the juice of half-raw beefsteaks squeezed into a thin soup, or else adhered to a diet of milk and eggs.

Elisabeth emphasised her extreme slenderness through the practice of "tight-lacing". Corsets of the time were split- busk types, fastening up the front with hooks and eyes, but Elisabeth had more rigid, solid-front ones made in Paris out of leather, "like those of Parisian courtesans ", probably to hold up under the stress of such strenuous lacing, "a proceeding which sometimes took quite an hour".

The fact that "she only wore them for a few weeks" may indicate that even leather proved inadequate for her needs. In her youth Elisabeth followed the fashions of the age, which for many years were cage-crinolined hoop skirts, but when fashion began to change, she was at the forefront of abandoning the hoop skirt for a tighter and leaner silhouette.

She disliked both expensive accoutrements and the protocol that dictated constant changes of clothing, preferring simple, monochromatic riding habit -like attire.

The empress developed extremely rigorous and disciplined exercise habits. Every castle she lived in was equipped with a gymnasium , the Knights' Hall of the Hofburg was converted into one, mats and balance beams were installed in her bedchamber so that she could practise on them each morning, and the imperial villa at Ischl was fitted with gigantic mirrors so that she could correct every movement and position.

She took up fencing in her 50s with equal discipline. A fervent horsewoman, she rode every day for hours on end, becoming probably the world's best, as well as best-known, female equestrian at the time.

When, due to sciatica , she could no longer endure long hours in the saddle, she substituted walking, subjecting her attendants to interminable marches and hiking tours in all weather.

In the last years of her life, Elisabeth became even more restless and obsessive, weighing herself up to three times a day.

She regularly took steam baths to prevent weight gain; by she had wasted away to near emaciation , reaching her lowest point of There were some aberrations in Elisabeth's diet that appear to be signs of binge eating , [5] On one occasion in the Empress astonished her travelling companions when she unexpectedly visited a restaurant incognito, where she drank champagne, ate a broiled chicken and an Italian salad, and finished with a "considerable quantity of cake".

She may have satisfied her urge to binge in secret on other occasions; in she purchased an English country house and had a spiral staircase built from her living room into the kitchen, so that she could reach it in private.

In addition to her rigorous exercise regimen, Elisabeth practiced demanding beauty routines. Daily care of her abundant and extremely long hair, which in time turned from the dark blonde of her youth to chestnut brunette, took at least three hours.

Her hairdresser, Franziska Feifalik, was originally a stage hairdresser at the Wiener Burgtheater. Responsible for all of Elisabeth's ornate hairstyles, she generally accompanied her on her wanderings.

Feifalik was forbidden to wear rings and required to wear white gloves; after hours of dressing, braiding, and pinning up the Empress' tresses, the hairs that fell out had to be presented in a silver bowl to her reproachful empress for inspection.

When her hair was washed with a combination of eggs and cognac once every two weeks, all activities and obligations were cancelled for that day.

Before her son's death, she tasked Feifalik with tweezing gray hairs away, [18] but at the end of her life her hair was described as "abundant, though streaked with silver threads.

Elisabeth used these captive hours during grooming to learn languages; she spoke fluent English and French, and added modern Greek to her Hungarian studies.

Her Greek tutor, Constantin Christomanos, described the ritual:. Hairdressing takes almost two hours, she said, and while my hair is busy, my mind stays idle.

I am afraid that my mind escapes through the hair and onto the fingers of my hairdresser. Hence my headache afterwards.

The Empress sat at a table which was moved to the middle of the room and covered with a white cloth. She was shrouded in a white, laced peignoir , her hair, unfastened and reaching to the floor, enfolded her entire body.

Elisabeth used cosmetics and perfume sparingly, as she wished to showcase her natural beauty. On the other hand, to preserve her beauty, she tested countless beauty products prepared either in the court pharmacy or by a lady-in-waiting in her own apartments.

Her night and bedtime rituals were just as demanding. Elisabeth slept without a pillow on a metal bedstead, which she believed was better for retaining and maintaining her upright posture; either raw veal or crushed strawberries lined her nightly leather facial mask.

After age thirty-two, she decided she did not want the public image of the eternal beauty challenged. Therefore, she did not sit for any more portraits, and would not allow any photographs.

Franz Joseph was passionately in love with his wife, but she did not reciprocate his feelings fully and felt increasingly stifled by the rigidness of court life.

He was an unimaginative and sober man, a political reactionary who was still guided by his mother and her adherence to the strict Spanish Court Ceremonial regarding both his public and domestic life, whereas Elisabeth inhabited a different world altogether.

Restless to the point of hyperactivity , naturally introverted , and emotionally distant from her husband, she fled him as well as her duties of life at court, avoiding them both as much as she could.

He indulged her wanderings, but constantly and unsuccessfully tried to tempt her into a more domestic life with him. Elisabeth slept very little and spent hours reading and writing at night, and even took up smoking, a shocking habit for women which made her the further subject of already avid gossip.

She had a special interest in history, philosophy, and literature, and developed a profound reverence for the German lyric poet and radical political thinker, Heinrich Heine , whose letters she collected.

She tried to make a name for herself by writing Heine-inspired poetry. Referring to herself as Titania , Shakespeare 's Fairy Queen, Elisabeth expressed her intimate thoughts and desires in a large number of romantic poems, which served as a type of secret diary.

Her wanderlust is defined by her own work:. Elisabeth was an emotionally complex woman, and perhaps due to the melancholy and eccentricity that was considered a given characteristic of her Wittelsbach lineage the best-known member of the family being her favorite cousin, the eccentric Ludwig II of Bavaria , [23] she was interested in the treatment of the mentally ill.

In , when the Emperor asked her what she would like as a gift for her Saint's Day , she listed a young tiger and a medallion, but: " On 21 August , Elisabeth finally gave birth to an heir, Rudolf — The gun salute announcing the welcome news to Vienna also signaled an increase in her influence at court.

This, combined with her sympathy toward Hungary, made Elisabeth an ideal mediator between the Magyars and the emperor.

Her interest in politics had developed as she matured; she was liberal-minded, and placed herself decisively on the Hungarian side in the increasing conflict of nationalities within the empire.

He set forth his views clearly and plainly. I quite understood them and arrived at the conclusion that if you would trust him — and trust him entirely — we might still be saved, not only Hungary, but the monarchy, too I can assure you that you are not dealing with a man desirous of playing a part at any price or striving for a position; on the contrary, he is risking his present position, which is a fine one.

But approaching shipwreck, he, too, is prepared to do all in his power to save it; what he possesses — his understanding and influence in the country — he will lay at your feet.

For the last time I beg you in Rudolf's name not to lose this, at the last moment If you say 'No,' if at the last moment you are no longer willing to listen to disinterested counsels.

Your misfortunes are not on my conscience. When Elisabeth was still blocked from controlling her son's upbringing and education, she openly rebelled.

Due to her nervous attacks, fasting cures, severe exercise regime, and frequent fits of coughing, the state of her health had become so alarming that in October she was reported to suffer not only from "green-sickness" anemia , but also from physical exhaustion.

Skoda , a lung specialist, who advised a stay on Madeira. Elisabeth seized on the excuse and left her husband and children, to spend the winter in seclusion.

Six months later, a mere four days after her return to Vienna, she again experienced coughing fits and fever. She ate hardly anything and slept badly, and Dr.

Skoda observed a recurrence of her lung disease. A fresh rest cure was advised, this time on Corfu , where she improved almost immediately.

If her illnesses were psychosomatic, abating when she was removed from her husband and her duties, her eating habits were causing physical problems as well.

In she had not seen Vienna for a year when her family physician, Dr. Fischer of Munich, examined her and observed serious anemia and signs of "dropsy" edema.

Her feet were sometimes so swollen that she could walk only laboriously, and with the support of others. Elisabeth recovered quickly at the spa, but instead of returning home to assuage the gossip about her absence she spent more time with her own family in Bavaria.

In August , after a two-year absence, she returned shortly before her husband's birthday, but immediately suffered from a violent migraine and vomited four times en route, which might support a theory that some of her complaints were stress-related and psychosomatic.

Rudolf was now four years old, and Franz Joseph hoped for another son to safeguard the succession. Fischer claimed that the health of the empress would not permit another pregnancy, and she would regularly have to go to Kissingen for a cure.

Elisabeth fell into her old pattern of escaping boredom and dull court protocol through frequent walking and riding, using her health as an excuse to avoid both official obligations and sexual intimacy.

Preserving her youthful appearance was also an important influence in her avoidance of pregnancies:.

She was now more assertive in her defiance of her husband and mother-in-law than before, openly opposing them on the subject of the military education of Rudolf, who, like his mother, was extremely sensitive and not suited to the life at court.

After having used every excuse to avoid pregnancy, Elisabeth later decided that she wanted a fourth child. Her decision was at once a deliberate personal choice and a political negotiation: by returning to the marriage, she ensured that Hungary, with which she felt an intense emotional alliance, would gain an equal footing with Austria.

The issue was avoided when she gave birth to a daughter, Marie Valerie — Dubbed the "Hungarian child", she was born in Buda-Pest ten months after her parents' coronation and baptised there in April.

She poured all her repressed maternal feelings on her youngest daughter to the point of nearly smothering her. Sophie's influence over Elisabeth's children and the court faded, and she died in After having achieved this victory, Elisabeth did not stay to enjoy it, but instead embarked on a life of travel, and saw little of her children.

After her son's death, she commissioned the building of a palace on the Island of Corfu which she named the Achilleion , after Homer 's hero Achilles in The Iliad.

Newspapers published articles on her passion for riding sports , diet and exercise regimens, and fashion sense.

Newspapers also reported on a series of reputed lovers. Appena le due dame si avvicinano Lucheni si precipita in avanti.

Lucheni intanto corre lontano e, voltatosi, vede colei che dovrebbe essere morta rialzarsi ed imbarcarsi. Intanto il vaporetto con Elisabetta a bordo salpa.

Tutti pensano che sia svenuta per lo spavento. Vai al contenuto Elisabetta d'Austria: la principessa Sissi.

Cerca hotel e altro Francesco Venuti. Ludwig e Sissi. Sissi, Sisi o Lisi? Mostra su Sissi e Ludwig. Neuschwanstein, il castello delle favole.

Castelli di Ludwig.

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